Sore feet can be due to musculoskeletal, vascular, neurological, dermatological causes.
A musculoskeletal etiology gives pain to the joints and tendons. For example, lateral compression at the base of the fingers is a reliable alarm bell to highlight the involvement of the metatarsophalangeal joint.
If the pain, instead, is given by the lateral compression of the foot at the highest point of the arch, it means that there is an articular-tarsal involvement.
Foot pain can also be a consequence of arthritis, bad ankle alignment, hallux valgus, hammer toe.
Sore feet disorders
Tendonitis: amplification of pain during contraction against resistance of the relevant muscle group and during passive stretching.
Plantar pain: it suggests a plantar fasciitis.
Morton’s neuroma and synovial cysts: painful benign nodules
Pain of traumatic origin: consequence of injury to the soft tissues, sprained ankle. In case of fracture, the pain persists for a few days and is associated with a point of permeability on the bony prominences.
Vascular causes: they are due to venous insufficiency and atherosclerosis. These conditions are caused by an embolic, vasculitis disease or a concomitant disease affecting the small vessels in people with diabetes.
Neurological causes: neuropathies and tarsal tunnel syndrome. The former can manifest with hypersensitivity to pain states and with the perception of pain in states that are not at all painful, the latter is characterized by pain and numbness in the fingers, the sole of the foot and the mid foot.
Causes of other nature: bacterial skin infection, for example cellulite, diffuse inflammation of the soft tissues of the ankle and foot, i.e. periarthritis.
5 risk factors of sore feet
1) Obesity can cause foot pain: excessive weight increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes, but it also affects the feet and knee joints.
2) Pregnancy can bring pain to the feet: the excess weight reached during pregnancy adds stress to the lower extremities. It is therefore important to rest a lot and keep your feet raised.
3) There may also be abnormalities in the feet: flat, arched feet and arthritis. The feet naturally have a bow that helps maintain and distribute stress and pressure through the fingers and the rest of the foot. In some people, the bow may be too flat or too high. These disharmonies cause foot pain.
4) Inadequate footwear can hurt your feet: if you don’t have a good foot bed or are wearing high heels, your feet are likely to sore quite easily. Even shoes that are too tight or too big cause pain and discomfort. In particular, if the shoe is too tight, it increases the pressure against the foot or accentuates a balance problem.
5) Running, jumping, staying up, standing, jogging, or any other physical activity can strain your foot muscles and thus cause pain.
6 precautions to prevent sore feet
It is important to make changes to your lifestyle!
1 – Buy shoes that fit well
Shoes may be less trendy, but practical. They must have space in the fingers, the foot must not slip, the wide plant so that the foot does not protrude from the edges, be comfortable already at the time of purchase. It would be useful to buy them in the afternoon or evening when the feet are slightly swollen.
Each type of foot requires its own shoe; if the arch of the foot is high, it is better to prefer shoes with pads, if it is flat it is better to opt for shoes that control excess movements, being the feet less stable.
2 – Choose the right footwear
Wear the right shoes for every activity, to avoid knee tendinitis, chronic foot pain, heel spurs and stress fractures.
Important is the choice of the shoe especially for sportsmen: if the movements are repetitive, a special support and cushioning is better, if you have to do better climbing new shoes than old and worn. If you have to perform particular sporting activities, it is better to spend something more on the shoe than to have aching feet!
3 – Raise your feet often
If you stand too much it is better to take breaks to ease the pain. Keeping them raised, the circulation is restored and the swelling is reduced.
4 – Leave your feet at rest
This will allow the tissues to recover, preventing any further stress in the affected area. The use of commercially available appropriate ankle and foot supports can provide rest, comfort and support in the affected area.
5 – Cut the toenails
Sometimes we forget to take proper care of our feet. Too long or badly cut nails can create compression with consequent pains.
6 – Use ice
Put the ice on your feet after a long day: wrap the ice in a cloth and place it on your feet to relieve and reduce swelling and inflammation.