Dyspnea during pregnancy is common for future moms. The concept refers to the difficulty that occurs when breathing. It is the result of adaptation to bodily changes in pregnancy and also of the complications of this. Dyspnea is associated, mainly, with the cardiovascular and respiratory system.
Respiratory difficulties during pregnancy can be explained by the baby’s growth, the effect of hormones and the modification of the respiratory system. The combination of all these factors can be really disturbing for many future mothers, as more than half of them will eventually feel out of breath.
Dyspnea during pregnancy is usually experienced when performing an activity or during a period of rest for a long time.
There are two types of dyspnea: acute and chronic. In acute dyspnea, shortness of breath lasts a few weeks, while in the chronic, it lasts more than a month.
Fortunately, this discomfort is not dangerous for the baby and some exercises can relieve you a bit, even if only temporarily.
Greater presence in the third trimester of pregnancy
As mentioned above, dyspnea causes difficulty in breathing because the uterus puts pressure on the diaphragm and causes breathing difficulties. Complications are accentuated and are more present in the third trimester of pregnancy.
In this, and even in the second trimester of pregnancy, the uterine cavity expands due to the growth of the fetus. Therefore, women are likely to experience difficulty breathing more frequently.
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Common symptoms of dyspnea during pregnancy
These are some of the common signs and symptoms of dyspnea during pregnancy:
- Short of breath.
- Body weakness
- Bluish discoloration of the nails and skin.
- Abnormal breathing patterns.
- The increase in cardiac frequency.
Tips to treat dyspnea during pregnancy
Here are some methods to help relieve dyspnea during pregnancy:
1.- Avoid forced tasks
The first advice is to try to relax, from time to time, during pregnancy. You should not put too much effort into work or domestic chores, as this can make dyspnea even worse.
Conducting breaks from time to time will allow your body to recover and to be more relaxed. This will help improve your breathing problems in the nine months of pregnancy.
2.- Practice breathing exercises
Breathing exercises are one of the best remedies to combat shortness of breath and to relieve symptoms of dyspnea. These activities will help you increase lung capacity and, consequently, allow you to breathe better.
3.- Good body posture
A good body posture is very useful to reduce dyspnea. While sitting, you should keep your shoulders back.
This position will provide ample space for the lungs to expand. When sleeping, it is recommended to keep the body elevated by placing more pillows behind your back.
4.- Change position
If you feel out of breath and uncomfortable in a certain position, try to change to a more relaxed one. This will help you breathe more easily.
5.- Aerobic exercises
Finally, mild aerobic exercises are always good during pregnancy. Often, not being fit during pregnancy can increase your breathing difficulty. The baby also needs oxygen to grow well inside.
Therefore, you should consult your doctor and learn some aerobic exercises to keep you in shape. These workouts also maintain the functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory system without problems.
It is common to experience dyspnea during pregnancy, and the above measures will greatly help to treat and control dyspnea. In case you experience severe symptoms, such as dizziness, prolonged breathing problems, extreme exhaustion or severe chest pain you should hurry to visit the doctor.
If you do not control the difficulty in breathing, lack of oxygen can harm both you and the developing baby. Consequently, it is extremely important to be careful with the worrying symptoms and to work to carry out measures to treat dyspnea effectively.
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